Using Powershell To Send Email – Windows PowerShell is mostly known as a command line shell that is used to handle some management tasks in Windows and the applications that run on that operating system. At the same time, it is a scripting language that allows you to customize cmdlets – lightweight commands to perform certain actions. And today we will talk about this topic
All you have to do is add the sender and recipient email address and specify the SMTP server you plan to use. Copy and paste this script into PowerShell and press Enter.
Using Powershell To Send Email
You can check if the code is working correctly by sending a test email to the virtual mailbox. For this, you need a proper email testing solution, such as Email Sandbox, part of an email delivery platform.
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Email Sandbox gives you a virtual mailbox (or up to 300 virtual mailboxes in the highest plan) where you can send test emails and then review and fix them. In this way, the solution creates a safe environment where you can find problems with your email without the risk of spamming the right recipients or ruining your domain’s reputation, as you no longer need to use your personal mailbox for testing purposes. .
Email sandbox features include HTML/CSS analysis, spam checking and email content preview, insight into valuable technical information, domain blacklist reports and more. This means that this testing solution is useful whether you use plain text or HTML emails, whether you include images/attachments or not, etc.
Here we have just configured the SMTP host. The recipient and sender addresses are not real as you might guess. And that’s one of the benefits of an email testing solution – you don’t need to handle an actual email to test your email workflow.
When you copy and paste this script into a PowerShell shell and press Enter, a window will open asking for SMTP credentials (username and password) for the virtual mailbox. You can find this login information in your account under Email Sandbox -> Inbox -> SMTP Settings.
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Enter your credentials in the pop-up window and continue. Shortly after, a test email should appear in your virtual inbox.
Alternatively, you can use dummy email, but this may be a poor testing practice. Read why in our blog post Why Using Fake Email for Testing Just Doesn’t Work.
Yes you can! Send-MailMessage allows you to add many parameters to your email, such as HTML content, priority, etc. You can also send emails to multiple recipients by specifying them in the appropriate parameter. Here’s what you can take advantage of:
Senders specified in the form parameter will receive an email delivery notification. Here are the options:
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So let’s make a script that sends an email with HTML text and an attachment. This time we pre-define the parameters and then refer to them
You can now preview the layout of this email and analyze its HTML/CSS using the HTML preview feature in the email sandbox. This feature gives you an idea of the support that the most popular email clients offer for the HTML elements and CSS rules used in your emails.
For any unsupported or partially supported elements/rules, it provides a list of email clients that have problems and a link to the line of code that contains the element/rule.
The email delivery platform also has an email sending solution called the Email API, which allows you to send emails to actual recipients from a PowerShell shell or any other application.
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The email API offers sending speeds of up to ~10,000 emails per second, but also more efficient email delivery management thanks to practical analytics capabilities.
Consisting of delivery alerts, 60-day email logs, dashboards with critical metrics and webhooks, you can find and fix shipping issues at a very early stage using these useful analytics features.
Additionally, if you really want to dig deeper into the performance of your email, you can filter the performance statistics that the Email API shows you by email category, mailbox provider, and/or domain.
Other email API features include dedicated IP addresses, automatic IP warming, and block lists to name a few.
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First, add and confirm the domain in your account’s Email API -> Sending Domains as described in the video below.
After that, if you want to send using the email API in Windows PowerShell, add the SMTP credentials provided by the sending solution to the script we used earlier.
Finally, run the script, enter the username and password you require, and your email should go out successfully.
To send email through Gmail’s SMTP server, just add smtp.gmail.com as the SMTP host.
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We have created a company and entered the credentials in the pop-up window. But the server responded with an error – 551 Authentication Required. To fix this issue, enable permission for less secure apps in the Privacy tab of your Google Account. We did this and PowerShell successfully delivered our message to the destination. Read more about response codes and SMTP commands in our blog post.
Not everyone is a Gmail user. So the following information may be relevant if you are using a different SMTP host.
EASendMail is an SMTP component that supports protocols such as SMTP, ESMTP (Extended SMTP), EWS (Exchange Web Service), and WebDAV (Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning). The component is mainly used for sending e-mail in COM/.NET/.NET Core applications and applications with:
You can also use EASendMail to send email from a PowerShell shell. Here’s a guide in the unlikely event you need it:
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In the code above, we used SMTP credentials for the email sandbox and that’s why the email ended up there. Of course, you can change this to suit your needs.
EASendMail’s SMTP component is useful for bulk email sending. You don’t need to code multiple threads for this. All you need is EASendMail, which can automatically send multi-threaded messages to a background queue. Take a look at the following script for sending a mass message using an HTML template:
The Send-MailMessage cmdlet is the most common option for sending email from the PowerShell shell. But it wasn’t always like that. It has been available since PowerShell 3.0 and was based on the System.Net.Mail API. It is a namespace that contains classes for sending email messages to an SMTP server. Delivery is by use
The System.Net.Mail namespace is also used to create and send messages in ASP.NET C#, which we also blogged about. And that’s it for today. We hope this blog post has expanded your PowerShell knowledge. Follow our blog to find useful expertise for your projects.
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Before we get into the detailed instructions for creating the required PowerShell script to send the email, let’s take a quick look at how a customer can contact Office 365 email services.
When we want to contact the Office 365 (Exchange Online) email server, we can use one of the following methods:
A method for a PowerShell script to address an Office 365 mail server using an SMTP session (unencrypted session).
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The meaning of an anonymous connection is that the client addressing the Office 365 mail server (PowerShell script) does not pass user credentials.
The main advantage of this method is to avoid the process of passing usernames. The need to provide credentials is “blinded” to other tasks, such as the need to protect credentials, etc.
The main disadvantage of using an anonymous link is that the mail server cannot trust the sender because the sender appears anonymous.
Most of the time, an email sent using a PowerShell script is detected as a scam because – the Office 365 recipient email address that we use as the “From Address” is not verified.
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Another disadvantage is that when using an “anonymous session” we cannot send an email to an “external recipient”, ie. to recipients whose email address is not hosted by the Exchange Online server that hosts our domain.
The solution to this problem can be implemented by creating an Exchange Online incoming mail connector or by whitelisting ten sender email addresses.
Note – if you need more information on how to create such an email connector, read the article – Sending email to Exchange Online with a standard SMTP session | Part 2#4
A method where a PowerShell script points to an Office 365 email server using a TLS session (encrypted session) + providing user credentials (authenticated session).
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Protection of the communication channel – When using the TLS protocol, the communication channel between the host sending the email and the Office 365 mail server is encrypted.
Verified session – the main advantage of this
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