Php Script To Send Email – Most programmers who started their programming career before 2010 and became interested in web development probably encountered PHP as their first server-side scripting language. PHP was very popular at that time. The easiest way to create a website or website was through a CMS that ran on PHP, such as WordPress or Joomla, which increased its popularity even more. The language is still very influential and popular with many options for different applications.
Since the technology is widely used and many developers at email marketing agencies around the world understand the language well, we thought we’d gather more information about sending email templates with PHP code.
Php Script To Send Email
At EDMdesigner.com our goal is to make engaging, bulletproof HTML email templates available to everyone. EDM developers support this project by helping other developers become more educated in the field of email development.
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By reading through this guide, you will learn how to write PHP code for sending business and HTML emails. There are built-in methods, PHP plugin packages, and we’ll cover email delivery services that can be integrated into PHP code in the next article. They differ in flexibility and additional features. Learning about these options opens the door to rapid HTML email design testing opportunities during development. Reading this article will help you understand the considerations when choosing a service that suits your needs.
The first step in starting a project running PHP code is to install PHP. It starts by downloading the required download bundle. Since our goal is to run PHP scripts and send business and HTML email templates, it is enough to have PHP installed on our system and we do not need to configure the server additionally. For developers using a Linux distribution, the fastest installation can be done in Terminal as follows:
After completing this process, you can check that everything is working properly.
The easiest way to send email using PHP is the built-in mail() method. There are only essential parts
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Let’s see what happens when we run the script! In class we think in steps, so I go running
. Now, this is a pity. As part of the installation, to send test mail, we need to install the Sendmail Mail Transport Agent (MTA) as an accessible mail server. If you type sendmail in the terminal, you will be notified of the packages that contain this library:
The file is a place to store runtime parameters for PHP, and this file contains the SMTP configuration, which tells your script about your local web server configuration.
Change it by removing the semicolon from the beginning of the line, so PHP finds the location of your sent mail. When all the above is done, we try to move naturally
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Later we will see that we can also select our email service provider as mail server and provide SMTP configuration in the script, for example Gmail email server.
Variable in the script, it is important to avoid mixing single and double references. Otherwise, you will get a parse error message about the error:
I also understand email attachments as an important topic, but in addition to this article, the following discussion may help shed some light on how to do this.
The function is based on multiple recipients as the function opens and closes SMTP ports for each email sent. There are external PHP packages that handle this much better. These PHP scripts enable sending email by configuring the SMTP settings of services such as Gmail or Yahoo! Post or other email service providers.
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Many forums and community discussions on the web describe the PEAR Mail and PHP Mailer packages as the default choice in this situation, so I will introduce them as well.
The PHP Extensions and Applications Repository (PEAR) is a framework and distribution system for reusable PHP code components. The most important email sending script within PEAR is the mail package. Depending on the version of PHP you have installed, you may already have PEAR. You can check if it is running
With no arguments on the command line. If you followed the installation steps suggested in the first part, the command will return:
Next, add the SMTP settings for the email sending service to the parameters, with Gmail it looks like this:
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Variables also have security protocols. Here, the username and password should be your original Gmail account username and password. If you use your script on the web, for security reasons, you will store these credentials in environment variables and include them programmatically in the script. PHP dotenv is a popular package to help with this.
The second part of our code is to pass the email header parameters and SMTP authentication parameters to the mail function. With the PEAR mail package it looks like this:
Besides enabling SMTP method: there you can only work with string parameters, here you can use arrays to set
Moving forward, we’ll see an even more powerful implementation of PHP mail with the PHP Mailer framework.
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Contributors to this PHP mailing list say it’s the most popular code for sending emails, and let’s be honest: nearly 5 million downloads seem to back up that claim pretty well. It has detailed documentation on the methods available and some examples to help you get started.
The mailer package can be downloaded or cloned from Github and the script installed manually in projects, or if you want to be clean, use the PHP dependency manager – Composer.
. You need PHP 5.3.2+ to use Composer. After this command is completed, you can add the PHP mailer package a
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You will be asked a series of questions in the installation guide, one of which is to select a dependency:
If you completed the installation instructions above, you can see if the package name and current default version have been added.
Sending any attachment – such as an image – using a PHP mailer script is very easy. You just need to call the mail section
A method that passes the location of the file as a string value to the theme. This is very different from setting MIME header parameters, such as using PEAR or the mail() function
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In this tutorial, you’ll learn about the most common options for sending text and HTML email templates using PHP. We start the post with the PHP post function and the local PHP environment settings.
We continued to explore mail packages based on PHP code and learned about PHP packages and dependency management systems with Composer. We saw an example on Gmail on how to configure an SMTP mail server with this mail package.
This article focuses on capabilities that are strictly derived from the PHP ecosystem. While we can now send complex HTML emails to multiple recipients, we can achieve much more with a dedicated email delivery service. For this reason, we continue the topic with an email sending API service that uses PHP.
Sending Emails Via Web Server
First you need to download and install XAMPP or some local server that runs PHP scripts. Here is the link for XAMPP server https://www.apachefriends.org/index.html.
First, create a file that will receive the phpmailer file, type this code in a text editor and save it as composer.json.
Then open your command prompt and cd into your working directory. After that, type this command and then press enter.
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After you download the file, move the file to the folder you are working in. Now you are ready to use phpmailer.
This is where we will create a simple form for our application. To create a form, simply copy and type it into your text editor, then save it as index.php
This is the main function of the program. This code will send requests through phpmailer to be able to send mail to Google SMTP. To do this copy and paste this into a text editor, then save it in send_email.php
Note: To be able to send emails to Gmail, make sure to provide your own Gmail username and password or better yet use it to create a dummy account.
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Make sure you allow less secure apps in your Google account so you can get permission to send email.
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