Linux Send Email From Script – Most developers who started their programming career before 2010 and were interested in web development probably encountered PHP as their first server-side scripting language. PHP was very, very popular back then. The easiest way to start a website is through a content management system (CMS) that runs on PHP, such as WordPress or Joomla, which has increased in popularity even more. The language is still popular with great impact and many possibilities for different applications.
Since the technology is widely used and many developers of email marketing agencies around the world understand the language well, we had the idea to collect information about sending email templates with PHP code as possible.
Linux Send Email From Script
Our goal at EDMdesigner.com is to make attractive and bulletproof HTML email templates available to everyone. EDMdesigner supports this mission by helping fellow developers become more educated in the field of email development.
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By reading this guide, you will learn how to write PHP code to send transactional emails using HTML. There are built-in methods, PHP extension packages, and we’ll cover email delivery services built into PHP code in an upcoming article. They differ in flexibility and additional functions. Learning about these options opens the door to the ability to quickly test HTML email designs during development. Reading this article will help you gain an understanding of the considerations when choosing the right service for your needs.
The first step to start any project that runs PHP code is to install PHP. This starts with finding the necessary download packages. Since our goal is to execute PHP scripts and send transaction templates in HTML emails, it is enough to have PHP installed on our system and we do not need to configure a server. For developers using Linux distributions, the fastest configuration can be performed by running the following in Terminal:
After the successful completion of this process, you can test whether everything is working correctly with a simple script:
The most basic way to send an email using PHP is the built-in mail() method. The only necessary parts are there
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Let’s see what happens when we run the script! In the tutorial we think in steps, so I go and run
. Now that’s a shame. As part of the installation, to actually send test emails, we need to install the Sendmail Mail Transport Agent (MTA) as a locally accessible mail server. When you type sendmail in the terminal, you will be notified of the package that contains the following library:
File is where you store time variables for PHP and this file contains SMTP configuration which tells your script about your local server configuration.
Variable by removing the semicolon from the beginning of the line so that PHP can find the location of your sendmail. If all the above is done, we will naturally try to run
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Later we will see that we can also select our email service provider as a mail server and provide the SMTP configuration in the script, for example the Gmail email server.
Variables in the script, it is important to avoid mixing single and double quotes. Otherwise, you will be informed of a parsing error in the error:
I also consider mail attachments an important topic, but beyond the scope of this article, this discussion can help shed light on how to do it right.
Function, consider multiple recipients as the function opens and closes an SMTP socket for each email sent. There are external PHP packages that handle this better. These PHP scripts allow sending emails with SMTP configuration options to services such as Gmail or Yahoo! Mail or other email service providers.
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Most of the discussion community on the Internet mentions the PEAR Mail and PHP mailer packages as default in these situations, so I present those as well.
PHP Extension and Application Repository (PEAR) is a framework and distribution system for reusable PHP code components. The most important script for sending email in PEAR is the mail package. Depending on the version of PHP installed, you may already have PEAR available. You can run it check
Which has no arguments on the command line. If you have followed the installation steps recommended in the first section, the command will return:
Next, enter the SMTP settings for the email delivery service in the variable, and Gmail it will look like this:
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Variables also keep the security protocol. Here, the username and password are assumed to be your current Gmail account username and password. If you use your script on the Internet, for security reasons, you would store these credentials in environment variables and include them programmatically in the script. PHP dotenv is a popular package to help with this.
The second part of our code is to provide the parameters in the email header and the variables for SMTP authentication in the mail function. With the PEAR Mail package it looks like this:
Method in addition to enable SMTP: there you could only work with string variables, here you can use arrays to set there.
Moving on, next we will see an even more robust application of PHP Mail with the PHP Mailer composite framework.
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The contributors to this PHP mailer class say that it is the most popular code for sending e-mails and let’s be honest: the almost 5 million downloads seem to support this statement well. It has detailed documentation of the available methods and some examples to help you get started.
The mailer package can be downloaded or cloned from Github and the script set up manually in the project, or if you prefer your own, use the PHP Dependency Manager – Composer.
. To use Composer you need PHP 5.3.2+. After this command completes, you can add the PHP mailer package to one
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You will be asked a series of questions during the setup guide, one of which is to select dependencies:
Once you have completed the configuration guide as above, you can check that the package name and current default version are added there
Sending all attachments together – such as an image – is really easy using the PHP mailer script. You only need to call the mail object
Method passes the location of the file in the argument as a string value. This is very different from the pain of configuring MIME header boundaries, such as using PEAR or the mail() function.
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In this tutorial you can learn about the most used options for sending plain text in HTML and PHP email templates. We started the post with the PHP mail function and settings for the local PHP environment.
We further explored mail packages based on PHP code and gained knowledge about PHP packages and dependency management systems using Composer. We have seen the Gmail example of how to configure an SMTP mail server with these packages.
This article focuses on opportunities derived strictly from the PHP ecosystem. Although we can now send complex HTML emails to multiple people, we can achieve much more through dedicated email delivery services. For this reason, we continue the topic with the email delivery API service using PHP.
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I just lost my phone. I know it’s here at home because I used it last night and my bluetooth speakers will connect to it this morning.
How can I send text messages to my phone using Bash? Then the phone notification rings and I can find my phone.
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Note: I asked for a bash solution because it’s easier than a GUI to install and configure. Also, I’m more comfortable working in Bash than Python, HTML, or Java, etc. Finally, a bash solution works in Windows 10 if you use it.
After 30 minutes I found the smartphone by sending an SMS with the answer I posted below. It was hidden under a 4 inch tall furniture shelf in the living room…
For these steps open a Terminal Prompt aka “Command Line Interface” or “CLI”. Most Linux distributions do this
I found a reddit article: Send a text message from the command line with the following bash/terminal command that you can use:
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And your phone number. If you are texting an international phone number (outside Canada/USA) follow these instructions.
Note: The software replaces the “Find your phone!” and a message that you must buy a key to use a custom message. But the software still insists that you have to give one
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