How To Host A Website On Synology Nas – In this post, I’ll walk through installing a trusted 3rd party SSL/TLS certificate on a Synology NAS device, and how to enable Synology web services.
. I will also show you how to configure HTTP -> HTTPS redirection in Owncloud 9 and DSM 6, Apache 2.2. I will not cover the generation of the 3rd party certificate itself, it is completely full of certificate providers and instructions for that work.
How To Host A Website On Synology Nas
Which Synology has. It is not provided by a trusted 3rd party CA – but may be sufficient for some purposes within the people and network you know.
Install Web Services On A Synology
Additionally, it is up to you to decide if you want to develop a new bill for each Synologic web service.
Or if you deploy only some virtual virtues or all of them. This is directly related to the type of certificate you will receive as well. You go for a wildcard certificate, which will cover many subsites on your domain in one go – or if you want to have separate certificates for different hosts on your domain.
Starting with this – you need to have a private key (.key) and a certificate file (.crt) accepted by a trusted 3-party Certification Authority (CA).
(Note: In the screen above you also have the option to set an imported certificate to the default certificate, for all other Synology web services. You can configure this later in the certificate settings if you want to configure it. Don’t forget to you want to enable HTTPS for all Synology services, you also need to add an option in DSM Admin Interface -> Control Panel -> Network -> DSM Settings -> “Automatically redirect HTTP connections to HTTPS (Except website and photo station)” But before you do that, I strongly recommend that you first check the credentials for what you expect to work so that you don’t have problems accessing your Synology.
Synology Virtual Machine Manager
Navigate to your key file and certificate file, and also to the intermediate certificate file – in case you’ve misplaced it and want to complete the chain:
Click ok – and if your credentials and keys are generated correctly -> successfully with your credentials on Synology NAS.
Using the ‘Configure’ option you can choose the web services or websites that use the certificate. The selection is a bit hidden to the right of the row – but it’s there and will appear if you click. A small note from the author of this post – If the domain on your new certificate matches your issued page on your Synology NAS, maybe you should at least link them.
After the HTTPS certificate configuration above – you can redirect your HTTP -> HTTPS – if that’s what you want (!). You may want to keep some traffic in HTTP and some traffic in HTTPS, so in this case you don’t need to switch back.
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For this HTTP -> HTTPS redirection example I will guide the installation of Custom 9 . This HTTP -> HTTPS redirection configuration requires modification in your .htaccess file located in the Owncloud webroot folder.
And the change must be made in the part above the line ****** ANY BELOW THIS LINE *** change the notice, i
(Note: using temporary R = 302, because you need to work the rules in the first test, only after the test change to permanent R = 301)
I haven’t found another method that works then modify the .htaccess and add the above lines. I hope it won’t affect other Owncloud functions, while we are doing it in the redirection section, because we probably won’t have to change according to the Owncloud devs .htaccess file… In case some of you reading the functionality have another way getting this same on Synology NAS for Owncloud 9 – I would like to discuss the solution and would be happy to add it here in the tutorial as well.
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(As a note, I’m not too keen on modifying the files in Synology, because every change in the Synology admin interface changes the virtual hosts. That’s why I wanted to do this in the .htaccess file.)
Now that you have imported your documents and rearranged your HTTP -> HTTPS, now it would be time to explore your HTTPS functionality, your own cloud and even reconfigure with different browsers and user scenarios.
Once you are confident that everything with HTTP and HTTPS is working as expected, you can write another change rule to use R = 301, which permanently redirects to browsers:
(Note: testing rules with R=301 is usually a bad practice, it is persistent in nature and is created aggressively by browsers. In case you have some problems when trying “in production” persistent problems may have all other clients accessing your site. .)
Instructions: Install WordPress On Synology Nas
Enabling HSTS in Power Host settings practically means that if the browser has connected once using a secure HTTPS connection to any host – the browser will only use HTTPS to connect to the host. For this reason, you should test the HTTP -> HTTPS redirect configuration before attempting this, because if you try HTTPS manually once with HSTS enabled – there is already a browser that redirects to HTTPS.
(For some browsers, clearing or deleting cookies will remove the standard secure host, however, there are troublesome messages that may make the removal process even more complicated for some browsers (such as Safari).
, I want your HTTPS configuration to always be active and remember to keep your credentials up to date and available during hardware upgrades or similar actions. Otherwise, you’ll get unnecessary user errors when a user’s browser pushes HTTPS but your site can’t accommodate it. This will greatly affect the user experience of your site.
After this setup you should successfully configure HTTPS for your Synology NAS, web services and sites, including HTTP -> HTTPS redirection and HSTS for your applicable website or Owncloud installation. The same redirects can be applied to web hosts other than Owncloud, in the .htaccess file.
Synology Nas Setup Guide 2022
(Note: With multiple virtual hosts and multiple SSL certificates on your Synology NAS, it becomes more obvious to use SNI (Server Identification) to ensure that all this work and your web requests find the right documents and pages match. using Synology NAS, it will only support SNI capable browsers SNI support is generally at a good level – don’t worry about this It’s good to understand that some really old devices/storage/synology can’t access get HTTPS on your site, especially if you direct traffic to HTTPS all over the web.
I hope this will help you set up HTTPS for your Synology hosting services, and also clarify some steps to secure your Synology NAS Host Service or your site.
Update 05.04.2016: If you have got your Owncloud installation and prepared the HTTP -> HTTPS re-direct, and if you call Owncloud cron.php with Synology Task Scheduler, you might be able to run your Task Scheduler script update according to your needs and the installed documents for Crisp. If it is running on the same server, and you have problems with certificates – you could configure a user-defined script to ignore certificate checking:
The author is a passionate IT enthusiast and early adopter. Backed by years of experience leading IT development teams at the Enterprise level in the largest companies in the Technology industry. Get started – watch for disruptive advances and new innovations to stay ahead of the curve. Hands are taken in IT and IoT development.
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