How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

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How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux – In this article I will explain how to configure Apache server in Kali Linux, Apache web server in Kali Linux. The Apache web server is a similar method used in other Linux distributions. Simple commands can make using a web server an expert.

This post was originally written on June 11, 2014 and last updated on April 2021. This article is not related to cheap web server, web hosting, business web hosting, cloud hosting or any dedicated hosting service. This article only specifies local web servers running on Kali Linux for local penetration testing.

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

A web server is a type of server that delivers web pages to clients based on their requests. All web servers have an IP address and a domain name for identification. Server administrators can configure local web servers.

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You can make a simple computer as a web server, it can be Windows, Linux or Mac. You can install any web server software on your base system. For example, Xamp, Wamp, etc.

I don’t want to go into that topic. So back to the topic of web server in Kali Linux.

Now is the time to thank Kali Linux developers who have already installed Apache web server in Kali Linux. But by default apache service is not running.

You need to enter the URL or IP address in the address bar of your web browser and the page will be delivered by the web server script.

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There is no need to set up a web server in Kali Linux because Kali Linux has a pre-installed apache server. The Hacker uses this web server to deliver a website containing malicious code to the victim using a local web server or port forwarding.

We can trap them using social engineering methods such as phishing, while others use HTTP services for penetration testing.

This is the easiest way to start, stop and restart the Apache2 service in GUI mode. Select Applications from the top bar of the Kali screen, the following sub-menu bar will appear, select the Kali Linux menu, another pop-up display bar will appear, then enter the service menu, the following pop-up menu bar will appear again. , In this the web service can be started, stopped and restarted.

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

Once selected, a shell will open and the status of the service will be displayed. When you start the Apache server, the default page is displayed when you type the attacker’s IP address into your web browser. IceWeasle is the default web browser in the Kali Linux distribution.

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The first step is to check whether apache server is installed on the machine or not. Check the installed apache2 package with the following command

Then check apache web server status in Kali Linux. To do this, use the following command:

In the result you can see that the apache service status is inactive. If the service is inactive, you can access its web pages.

This means that the web server is not running on the Kali Linux machine. Now the next step is to start the apache server.

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After the Apache service is up and running, it may be necessary to modify the default page (Working!) by setting the web content to be displayed on the page and saving it as index.html in the /var/www directory. / index. Furthermore, the current index.html document in the given area can be modified to include more new pages. Thanks to its open source nature, rich modules and features, the Apache web server is one of the most popular HTTP servers on the Internet today and can run on almost all major platforms and operating systems.

While on the Windows platform there are built-in development environments that provide a graphical interface for managing Apache’s configuration, such as WAMP or XAMPP, on Linux the entire management process must be performed entirely on the command line in most cases.

While managing and configuring Apache Web Server from the command line can have a huge impact on system security, it can also be a daunting task for newcomers who are not very familiar with command line operations.

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

This is where the Apache GUI tools can come in handy. These tools are a free and open source package designed for administrators to manage Apache web server functionality in a browser, including:

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For the purposes of this article, I will install the Apache GUI web tool on a Linode CentOS 8 VPS with IP address and provide a short startup script to start or stop the process.

1. Before you start downloading and installing the Apache GUI tool, you need to make sure that the Java JDK provided by the java-openjdk package is installed on your system to run the Apache GUI.

2. Assuming you are logged in as root and the current working directory is /root, use this link to download the latest version of the Apache GUI source package (ie ApacheGUI-1.12.0.tar.gz) from Sourceforge. completely

Alternatively, you can grab the Linux-Solaris-Mac -> ApacheGUI tar source archive using the following wget commands as shown below.

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3. Once the archive is downloaded, extract it and move the entire directory to the system/options path, which will be the Apache GUI server installation location.

4. Now it’s time to launch and test the Apache GUI web tool. Change the directory to ApacheGUI/bin/path and use the script to start the tool and the script to stop the server.

5. After starting the tool, it will display some setup information and you can only access it from your local server using the URL in your browser.

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

To remotely control the Apache GUI web tool from a browser, you need to add a rule to your system’s firewall that opens port 9999/TCP, which is the default port for Apache GUI Tools. Use the following commands to open port 9999 on RHEL/CentOS 7 with the Firewalld utility.

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6. If the port 9999 used by Apache GUI overlaps with another application on the system, you can change it by editing the ApacheGUI server.xml configuration file, find the Connector port = ”9999” protocol = ”HTTP/1.1” directive and replace Who. port digest and your favorite port number (don’t forget to apply port firewall rules at the same time).

7. Now it’s time to configure the Apache GUI web tool to administer the Apache web server remotely. Assuming you have configured your system firewall and allowed external connections, open a remote browser and type to use your server

8. The tool will then ask you how the Apache web server was installed? Select the package option if you have installed Apache on RHEL / CentOS using the yum package management tool and press OK to proceed.

9. Enter the Apache web server package settings with the following configurations and choose a strong username and password for the next Apache GUI login.

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10. After you press Submit to apply the configuration and you are done. You can now control Apache Web Server and all its configuration files and edit web documents directly from your browser, as shown in the screenshots below.

11. If you want to manage the Apache GUI tool without changing the [APACHEGUI_HOME] directory, which is /opt/ApacheGUI/ for this installation, and run the and scripts, create an /etc init config file / init.d/apache-gui as in this extract.

13. If you need the Apache GUI web tool to run automatically after a system reboot, use the following command to enable it system-wide.

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

Although the Apache GUI web tool has some limitations and does not provide the same flexibility for the Apache web server as you can get from the command line, it provides a modern, free Java interface for web server administration and has a full line of editor for web documents like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, XML, Json, PHP, Perl, Shell, Python and can generate some detailed graphs in Apache Transactions.

Lecture Notes On Apache Web Server

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If you like what you read, please buy a coffee (or 2) as a token of appreciation. The Apache web server is an open source HTTP server for modern operating systems, including Linux and Windows. It is the most popular web server on the internet. Apache’s configuration file and installation method vary according to different Linux distributions. But the default document root is

After the installation is complete, you can check whether Apache is installed or not by typing the server’s IP address into your browser’s address bar:

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You can also find instructions for installing, configuring and testing Apache server on Debian, Ubuntu and CentOS below.

The next step is to configure the web server for the domain. Apache’s configuration directory

You can test the Apache web server by typing the server’s IP address into your browser’s address bar:

How To Configure Apache Web Server In Linux

The next step is to add and update the VirtualHost to a new one

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